City of Neu Isenburg


Rothschild, Luise (Liesel)

First NameLuise (Liesel)
Family NameRothschild
Date of Birth03.07.1917
Birthplace/Place of ResidenceKarlsruhe
Residence in „Heim Isenburg“08.10.1940 - 27.08./01.09.1941
Departure toFrankfurt am Main/letzte Adresse: Gagernstr. 36 (Israelitisches Krankenhaus)

Deportiert am 24.09.1942 von Frankfurt am Main über Berlin in das Lager Raasiku

Date of Death/Place of Death23.08.1944, Konzentrationslager Stutthof

Fanny Louise Rothschild, called Louise or Liesel, came to Neu-Isenburg on October 8, 1940, to undergo training as an infant or children nurse in the Home of the Jewish Women's Association. She was 23 years old at the time.

Luise Rothschild was born on July 2, 1917, in Karlsruhe. There she grew up with her mother Fanny, her father, Sally (Salomon) and her brother Max. The parents had a house in Herrenstraße. On the ground floor, Sally Rothschild operated a kosher colonial store, and the family lived in a large apartment above the store on the first floor. Sally Rothschild supplied not only private customers but also hotels, sanatoriums and children's homes in other cities in the region (Karlsruhe Memorial Book).

Luise visited Karlsruhe elementary school and then the „Fichteschule,“ a girl's junior high school. After graduating, Louise could not begin her training because she had to support her mother, who had to carry on the grocery store alone after Sally Rothschild's sudden death in April 1934. Luise's brother, Max, who had graduated from high school in Karlsruhe in Easter 1933, emigrated to France in 1933 and then to Palestine a year later. He died in Israel on July 7, 1994.

As a result of the Government-mandated boycott, Fanny Rothschild lost many customers, so the business finally had to be reduced. During the pogrom in November 1938, Nazi perpetrators of violence attacked the store. Fanny Rothschild opened it again later for a short time but soon had to close the store, due to the "Aryanization measures" forced by the Nazi authorities.

It was Luise's dream of becoming a fashion designer. From Autumn 1938, she first completed a sewing course on the work school in Karlsruhe and then worked in the Karlsruhe women's tailoring of „Geschwister Traub.“ In 1939 she ventured from Karlsruhe to Berlin, where she attended private vocational school for fashion, design, and decoration of the Berlin Jewish community in Nürnberger Straße 66. Although she successfully completed the courses attended, Luise stopped the training after six months. In the graduation certificate of the Modeschule it says:

"Miss Liesel Rothschild was in our [...] School working to take part in the courses for cutters, sectional drawing and Assembly Drawing from 1 September 1939 to February 15, 1940. Miss Rothschild is gifted for the practical subjects. Her achievements in the cutters were good. Miss Rothschild has also successfully completed the cut drawing lessons. She is in a position to place each cut independently. Miss Rothschild has made good progress in the making of clothing. "

Instead of continuing to work on a profession in the fashion industry, Luise Rothschild began an internship as an infant and children nurse. At a school which could offer her a state-recognized degree, Jewish pupils were no longer accepted at this time. Therefore, Louise remained only in practical training in a Jewish institution. So she came early in October 1940 to Neu-Isenburg. Probably, she planned to flee Germany and therefore sought a qualification, which promised better job opportunities abroad such as training as a seamstress and fashion illustrator.

By staying in Neu-Isenburg Luise escaped the deportation of the Baden Jews to southern France. Luise's mother was deported from Karlsruhe on October 22, 1940, to the internment camp near the town of Gurs, in the south of France. Fanny Rothschild survived the Shoah. She was able to escape to Mexico and from there to the USA in 1944. She died in New York on February 8, 1962.

Louise stayed less than a year in the Home of the Jewish Women's Association in Neu-Isenburg. End of August or beginning of September 1941, shortly before the first deportation trains from Frankfurt to the East rolled, she left the institution. Her last refuge was the hospital of the Jewish Community of Frankfurt in Gagernstraße 36. Luise Rothschild worked there until the liquidation of the hospital in the autumn of 1942 as a nurse. At that time, the hospital was very crowded and distressed. The Nazi authorities had put the Jewish hospitals together and had also added the inhabitants of retirement homes which they had closed. When the patients of the Israeli hospital were deported in Gagernstraße, Luise was temporarily spared. Like other Jewish institutions, she had to help dissolve the institutions before she was deported.

The 25-year-old Luise Rothschild was deported on September 24, 1942, from Berlin to Raasiku in Estonia near Tallinn. The Riga ghetto was originally intended as the target of transportation, which however was crowded.

In Raasiku, many of the deportees were taken to the nearby eastern seas with buses and immediately murdered.

The younger, able-bodied women and men had to work in camps around Reval. With the advance of the Red Army in the summer of 1944, the work camps in Estonia were cleared, the survivors were transferred to the Stutthof concentration camp near Gdansk. Among them was Luise Rothschild (Kingreen, Gewaltsam verschleppt, S. 380 ff.). On August 23, 1944, she was sent to Stutthof concentration camp. There her track is lost.

The Biography of Luise Rothschild was researched by Simone Jennissen in 2009 and published in the Gedenkbuch für die Karlsruher Juden."


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Explanations and notes